Ultimate guide to phishing attacks and how to prevent them

Common Phishing Attacks and Thier Prevention

Deceptive phishing is by far the most typical phishing scam, in which the attacker impersonates to be an authentic organization or a person. In an attempt to steal a person’s login credentials and credit card numbers.

How to Defend Against Deceptive Phishing Successfully

 The success of a deceptive phish hinges on how closely the attack email resembles a piece of official correspondence from the abused company.

As a result, users should inspect all URLs carefully to see if they redirect to an unknown and/or suspicious website.

Ultimate guide to phishing attacks and how to prevent them

Spear Phishing

Not all phishing rely on “spray and pray” techniques; some of them rely more on a personal touch.

In this ploy, an attacker attaches the target’s name, phone number, work, company name to trick him into believing that they have a connection to the sender.

Yet the goal is the same as deceptive phishing: trick the victim into clicking on a malicious URL or email attachment so that they’ll hand over their personal data.

How to Defend Against Spear Phishing

 To protect against this type of scam, organizations should conduct ongoing employee security awareness. Like, not allowing the users or employees to publish sensitive personal or corporate information on social media. This solution should be capable of picking up on indicators for both known malware and zero-day threats.

CEO Fraud

Spear phishers can target anyone from individuals to executives of a company. In these scams, fraudsters try to harpoon an exec and steal their login details.

CEO fraud is when attackers abuse the compromised email account of a CEO or other high-ranking executive to authorize fraudulent wire transfers to a financial institution of their choice. 

How to Defend Against Whaling

This attack happens due to a lack of security awareness training among the executives. To avoid W-2 and CEO fraud attacks, every firm must mandate that even executives must participate in security awareness training.


We understand that every organisation knows that emails are arguably the most anticipated means of attacking a network for harmful reasons.

An attacker usually impersonates the specimen using this tool to lure them into providing personal information. While, vishing attack dispenses with sending out an email and instead goes for placing a phone call.  

How to Defend Against Vishing

To prevent this attack from happening, a specimen must not answer the phone call either provide them with personal information or credentials. Most importantly, always develop a habit of using the caller ID app.


Vishing is not only the attack that lures the individual to provide them with their personal information. Smashing, this type of attack tricks a user via text messages to click the malicious links.

How to Defend Against Smishing

This type of attack can be prevented by researching the phone calls thoroughly or asking about the company’s name in the text messages.


As users become experienced to traditional phishing scams, some fraudsters are leaving the idea of “baiting” their victims entirely. Instead, they are resorting to pharming. 

Pharming leverages cache positioning to domain name system DNS. The Internet converts the name to IP address by directing the users to harmful devices and services.

How to Defend Against Pharming

To avoid such an attack, every organisation must train their employees to provide their credentials into HTTP.-PROTECTED SITES. Also,  implement virus database updates on a regular basis.

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